Leonardo da Vinci biography


Leonardo da Vinci 1452nd 15 April Vinci was born in the village in northern Italy, near Empoli. His father Ser Piero di Antonio da Vinci, an upper-middle-class family, descended from landowners. The family of the XIII. century moved to the small town located 30 kilometers from Florence. His mother Caterina, a peasant girl born illegitimate. Children together, Leonardo illegitimate child. Leonardo’s birth his grandfather survived Report: “1452: My grandson was born on April 15 courtesy of Ser Piero my son on Saturday morning at three o’clock. Leonardo was named. Piero di Bartolomeo da Vinci pastor baptized. “. In the same year he married his father, married the daughter of a wealthy family, Albiera di Giovanni Amadori.
Little is known about his childhood, only that his father lived in the house. Early age he started to draw. Around 1469 the son of his father’s work took him to Florence, Andrea del Verrochionak to show, the Florentine painter and sculptor. Verrochio, one of the greatest artists of the koraireneszánsz marveled at the shape of the young talent of seeing Leonardo.
So, his father’s orders, and became a pupil of Leonardo’s workshop Verrochio worked. Already in the year 1470es pen drawings from Leonardo to survive his first dated work in 1473 on a landscape Arno Valley. Verrochio great emphasis on developing students’ knowledge drawing, especially drawing of antique statues. The disciples had to do studies on the paintings. Christ’s baptism in the picturesque Verrochio work on paintings in the collaboration. Leonardo painted the picture on the left kneeling angel figure, serving as the background scenery and – XX. century studies – Christ figure is slightly revised. An anecdote that when he saw Verrochio student’s work is so good find, that he decided never to look. This may be the truth of the story, because the image of Christ’s baptism after the period is not very different Verrochio-preserved paintings. In the early image features are also observed, which is so characteristic of the later paintings. The angel’s posture (head turns in the opposite direction as the body), the skin smooth gradations. Also from this period painting of the Annunciation. Leonardo’s work is not complete, but it is demonstrably derived from details such as composition of the painting, the angel Gabriel and character of the landscape in the background. Leonardo was a long time in the workshop of his master, his early works are very Verrochio effect is felt. First, full of self-Madonna carnations work of Praxiteles. During this period (years 1470es) multiple smaller images in Madonna looks about records were preserved (for example, the Madonna Bennois). Sketched a lot of different ideas about painting. The Flemish and Dutch influence most notably Virginia de’Benciről painted portrait will be displayed. The composition of the portrait of Dutch Jan van Eyck (XV century painters lived) was associated with image editing mode causes. The picture shows the model is very close to cutout, just showing the shape of the shoulder. Portrait of Ginevra very precisely crafted creation, the head surrounding the borókabokor symbolic meaning. The juniper is a symbol of the feminine virtues of traditional symbolism. The sign on the back of painting virtue Virginia proclaims: “Virtutem decorat form” or “The ornament of beauty is a virtue.”
Leonardo da Vinci in 1478 gets first major assignment, probably the intercession of his father (who was governor of the city of Florence, he worked as a recognized and successful lawyer). The task of the Palazzo Vecchio, the Florentine town hall chapel of St. Bernard
painting of the altarpiece. Leonardo undertake the task, pick up the advance for the picture, but it does not paint the altarpiece, probably has not even started. Between 1478 and 1482 several pictures start, but they will remain unfinished. Another altarpiece depicting St. Jerome is working, but it is also stopped. The image is only a sketch made of Jerome kneeling in the head and shoulders only fully developed in the rest of the details elaborated Leonardo left, but the work is still vividly present to the suffering of the saints. The work is likely to have stopped because she was commissioned another great scenic. An Order of Saint Augustine Church (Church of San Donato) had megfestenie main altar. The subject of the image: The Adoration of the Kings. This altarpiece has been made, only the outline. The main element of this picture of Mary with the child Jesus. They are constructed in perspective space centrally located. The child Jesus admirers and worshipers kneeling on all around them. Leaving the altarpiece in 1483 he moved to Milan. He hoped that more will develop in his career, in less competition, what Florence. Ruler of Milan, Lodovico il Moro, who had a tender to prepare the equestrian statue and monument to his father Francesco Sforza create a fitting memorial. Leonardo is sent to your application, military engineer, sculptor and painter dedicated to himself. Lodovico
Leonardo refused, but he still remained in Milan.
Milan’s first assignment was once an altar of the Franciscan church of San Francesco Grande. This image of the Madonna was named Rocky. Leonardo’s Madonna of the Rocks became very well-known painter in Milan. The second half of the 1480s especially military machines (different, strange weapons, siege and protective equipment, armored fighting vehicles) dealt with the design. In addition, architectural plans can survive from this period, such as the central church of the plans.
Only 1490 returned to painting and painted the Madonna Litta’s image. This image returns to the theme of youth painting of Mary with the child Jesus.
The Lodovico il Moro late 1480as the dominant noticed the young artist, and he patronized. Thus, Francesco Sforza, Leonardo began work lovasszobrának plans. It is planned to prepare a lot of study, this time began the merits of the human body and anatomy. Spent a lot of time studying the human body and horses. Observations recorded the drawings, and then in 1489 he began composing a book, titled The Human alakról. This record is very famous depiction of the perfect human rates. The ratio study is based on ancient Roman architect Vitruvius described a circle and a square of his person. Book (which is never completed) create a lot of drawings of the human body’s internal organs. Leonardo was still watching just outside the human body, such as the izomzatról or studies showing the proportions of the face are quite accurate. But the internal organs, especially the representation of the contemporary, very mistaken ideas it has relied so they are inaccurate and incorrect. In addition,
Leonardo is believed to generally accepted theory of the relationship between facial features and character. This theory, the physiognomy of the support is a lot of drawings, sketched, almost distorted and grotesque caricature férfifejről.
The Milan court Leonardo spent years an increasing number of tasks and support from Lodovicótól. Leonardo designed the heating system of the palace, he was responsible for his decoration of the ducal celebrations. In addition, of course, also worked as a painter, Francesco Sforza and continued to plan for a huge equestrian memorial. Leonardo’s equestrian statue of Lodovico il Moro, plans have already been supported. The initial vision of a dynamic, busy kompozíciójú statue where Frsacesco prancing horse over a defeated enemy away. Leonardo but soon realized that it is not possible to plan the size of the statue would be unstable. Thus was born a new plan, a static, relaxed kompozíciójú rider. Lodovico has given its consent, and begin construction. 1492, Leonardo produced a great horse, 7-meter-high clay model that has long been Milan’s key tourist attractions. But unfortunately, the bronze statue could be made not to, because the bronze statue for more cannon was cast in 1494. Shortly after French troops arrived in Milan, captured the city, and expelled the ruler, Lodovico il Moro. Thus, Leonardo’s patron left without. The fighting destroyed during the seven-foot clay horse.
During the years spent in the yard Leonardo painted mostly portraits. These include representing the unknown lady, known as La Belle Ferroniére pictures, and a portrait of Cecilia Gallerani well. The last image (also known as Lady ermine) Lodovico il Moro, Leonardo painted a lover. This painting also has an extra meaning, since the hemelin Greek name similar to the name Gallerani, and the stoat was Lodovico logo pet. The ermine, and may indicate a relationship between Cecilia and her relationship Lodovico. This is supported by the fact that the painting was Lodovico customer.
This period, perhaps the most prominent, but it is his most famous work of the Last Supper. The image is made between 1495 and 1497, the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan prescription, refektóriumába the monastery, that is the dining room. Leonardo is less durable, but allowing a longer session chairs chosen technique, which took the plaster is dry, apply the paint. (Unlike the mural when the paint is still wet vakoltra so that the plaster with paint dries, so it is fixed.)
In the same period also created another mural, one of Milan’s Sforza palace hall, the Sala delle Asse. The whole room, walls, ceilings and columns decorated with intertwined leaves and branches, so that the room resembles a forest. The crests of the leaves, boards, which are definitely Lodovico il Moro Sforza family and the most important events in the life of this document.
Lodovico support losing contact with Milan’s Leonardo has been awarded the management of French leaders, and through XII. Lajos. The French king is seized of the Last Supper, and Madonna of the Rocks, so I ordered Leonardo to picture his wife. Biblical theme of the painting, Saint Anne with Mary, the child Jesus and John the child. Leonardo only the outline prepared by the Burlington House, now known as the drawing board.
Leonardo left Milan in December 1499, and the French king, the images left unfinished. Over the next few years several cities in northern Italy turned. First went to Mantua, Isabella d’Este, to ask for support, who was known in the art mecénásaként. The woman is depicted in a drawing (which is never a sketch was made of oil), and then moved on after a few months. First, he traveled to Venice, then to Florence once more. Perhaps because he returned to Florence to paint the altarpiece SS. Annunziata church to St. Ann’s third title itself. The painting is very similar to the former Burlington House carton, composition and shape of gestures, posture as well. Image kompozíciójú triangle, which is especially common in the Renaissance, and was popular. Each image characteristics that Anna Maria and the central figure, and that there is almost no difference in age between them, and then his mother Mary Ann.
The years spent in Florence he painted several versions of Leonardo’s Madonna Jigging image. The small picture shows Mary as a young mother in her lap the spindle plays Jesus. The image of Mary of human qualities presents motherly love.
Although several pictures painted in the period between 1499 and 1503, yet this time Leonardo was painting the main areas of interest, but also the geometry and mathematics. Because scientific research is rather neglected painting orders, never put together in time for the ordered paintings, or even not finished them.
In 1502 he again tried a new thing: Cesaro Borgia became a military engineer in the service of warlords. Less than a year mainly in military engineering during his career maps, bird’s eye image of strategically important places on paper. In 1503 he left the court and returned to Florence Cesaro Borgia, paint.
In the sixteenth. Century two great artistic personalities also worked in Florence: Michelangelo and Raphael. Leonardo painting has been approved, so now we had no trouble with current seat. In the same year he began to paint the most famous painting, the Mona Lisa. The picture of Lisa’s husband, Francesco del Giocondo commissioned, to delight, to move to a new house and his wife gave birth to a child. The Mona Lisa is followed by the Florentine portrait painting tradition. The half-length képmáson the lady’s body and head in the opposite direction occurs, as we have already seen several portraits of Leonardo. The Mona Lisa is a lot of assumption was based on guesswork, still trying to figure out Lisa’s smile. The painting was influenced by portréfestészetre Florence, the young Raphael Leonardo spent much time in his studio and watched the paint. Leonardo finally did not provide a picture of Francesco del Giocondének customer. 1509 to continue repairing the image retained by the end of his life.
Autumn 1503 Leonardo received his greatest mandate: high council room of the Palazzo Vecchio painting. Palazzo Vecchio, the Florentine town hall, the main building of the governorate. The large conference room was completed by a wall fresco, the Battle of Anghiari, a Florentine victory in 1440 in Milan wins over teams. The other half of the conference room decorating governorship in Florence Michelangelo asked, paint the Battle of Cascina. This exciting rivalry developed between the two artists. One mural or never finished, only the sketches made by both of them. The preliminary plans clearly shows the difference between the two painters. Leonardo is a lively battle, captured the dramatic point, the moment of one battle, tangling into each other with horses and horsemen depicts the clash of opposing forces raging. Michelangelo’s plans to fight the case shows the men preparing for battle. Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci was a great influence on the result of his interest turned to the naked, muscular male bodies monitoring. Have survived from this period Leonardo sketches, studies, muscular body parts (such as rates), but also by Michelangelo’s famous statue of David has also been documented. Finally, one of the mural has been made, although Leonardo’s Battle of Anghiari began staining, but in 1506 he left Florence.
In the spring of 1506 Charles d’Amboise, reached through French governor of Milan, Florence, to receive grace, and so went to Milan. Has continued to work on his works unfinished, and once again plunged the anatomical studies.
Presumably, then painted the now disappeared Leda and the Swan’s image. The painting was a Greek mythological themes at: Zeus approached Leda Swan guise of Greek queen. The painting only copies remain. Leonardo left Milan by the French governor’s court. One of the main commander of the French troops, Giangiacomo Trivulzio monument decorated lovasszoborral assigned to you. Tomb of Leonardo never re-took equestrian statue of the outstanding designs, the prancing horse and the underlying enemy soldiers. The Trivulzio tomb would have been smaller than before Sforza, so the statue would have been feasible. Trivulzio but ultimately agreed to the plans, so the statue again failed to achieve.
Leonardo returned to Milan during his stay in abandoned anatomical studies. This time, however, it has relied less on the views of contemporary books, prepared drafts of their own experience. Muscle and musculoskeletal system really studied, especially by those studies. These were the parts of the human body that are possible with relative ease were observed. The particular structure of the human internal organs of animals of similar bodies in trying to conceive. Sometimes shocking assumptions were correct, such as drawing the five-month embryo in the womb.
In 1511, Charles d’Amboise, died, and Leonardo again lost a patron of the arts. The French Governor after the death of Giuliano de’Medici support finally accepted Leonardo, who took him to Rome recently elected pope’s brother’s court. X. Leótól but had not received any orders to art such as Michelangelo and Raphael. Instead, use the exact bird’s eye map created landscapes and Pontius swamps around Rome drainage plans prepared.
During these years, he painted the last two paintings and two Kersztelő picture of St. John. One is a portrait of a pretty feminine face image. The picture is very well seen in the sfumato technique of dark background pop-up form. The other picture is also displayed as a young girl’s Saint John, sitting in a forest. The picture is similar to the figure of many features of ancient Greek mythology, the god of Bacchus represent. The god of wine and intoxication are traditionally portrayed sitting naked in the woods. This duality is very clear XVI. century. So much so that after his death, by an unknown painter Leonardo completed the picture of Bacchus attributes that are hallmarks of (such as wearing ivy wreath and cross of transformation thürosszá, Bacchus botjává).
Giuliano de’Medici in 1516 with the death of his patron lost again. In the same year, I have accepted Francis, the new French king’s invitation. The chateau of Amboise, near Cloux Leonardo moved to his friends and disciples. Drainage plans and festive decorations created, and a new royal palace also dealt with the preparation of plans. The years he spent in France have not dyed, only drawings. Leonardo was now old man, gradually lost their power. On 23 April 1519 he died, I said to In the presence of King Francis. Leonardo in Amboise, at his request, was buried in Church of St. Florentin. The church records mention that “this church monastery buried Mr. Leonardo da Vinci, a Milanese nobleman, the king’s architect and engineer, state-master mechanic, a painter at the court of the ruler of Milan.”
After the death of a friend and disciple of systematized manuscripts, compiled a collection of articles entitled Trattato della Paint. Most of his paintings are inherited from another student, and after his death the king of France, most of these images has been increasing.